International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 9 Num. 1 - March 2009


Relationship between family and school environments: The role of empathy, attitude to authority and violent behavior in adolescence.

Volume 9 Num. 1 - March 2009 - Pages 123-136


David Moreno Ruiz , Estefan?a Est?vez L?pez , Sergio Murgui P?rez , Gonzalo Musitu Ochoa


The present study aims to analyse the relationship between family environment and school
environment as perceived by the adolescent, examining the role that particular individual
factors (as the empathic skill, the attitude to institutional authority and the violent behaviour
at school) played in that association. The sample is composed of 1319 adolescents aged
from 11 to 16 years old, and studying in seven secondary schools in the Valencian Community.
A structural equation model was conducted to analyse the data. The results indicate that
family environment is indirectly related to social environment in the classroom through the
following links: quality of family environment showed a direct relationship with the empathy
development, attitude towards teachers and school as figures and institution of formal
authority, as well as with the adolescent?s violent behaviour at school, which in turn
contributed to shape their perception of school environment.

Key words:

family climate, school climate, violent behaviour, empathy, attitude to authority.

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