International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 8 Num. 1 - March 2008


Prevention of child-teenage violence: Parenting styles as protection factors

Volume 8 Num. 1 - March 2008 - Pages 73-84


M?nica Hern?ndez L?pez, Inmaculada G?mez Becerra, Mar?a Jes?s Mart?n Garc?a and Carolina Gonz?lez Guti?rrez


The present
paper addresses the phenomenon of bullying from a functional-contextual perspective.
School violence is presented as an instance of a disposition to react and to interact with
others in an aggressive or violent manner, either in a generalized form, or contextualized
just to school settings. Accordingly, the results of an epidemiological study are presented.
This study analyses the prevalence of violence-related problems in primary school children
(attentional problems and hyperactivity, aggressive behavior, and antisocial behavior), as
well as the beliefs and parenting styles which correlate positively or negatively with this
kind of problems. The results show that some educational practices (insistent recall of
normative rules, frequent use of punishment, or reinforcement contingencies in the form of
consent to involve in usually forbidden activities) are risk factors for the emergence of this
kind of problems. In contrast, other educational practices (reinforcement with a description
of the child?s appropriate behavior, or the systematic application of contingencies) are
effective as protection factors. The paper finishes with a series of recommendations for
parents and teachers on how to prevent and stop violence-related problems.

Key words:

bullying, violence, parenting styles, risk factors, protection factors

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