International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 4 Num. 1 - April 2004


A Psychological Model for Verbal Hallucinations [Un Modelo Psicol?gico de Alucinaciones Verbales]

Volume 4 Num. 1 - April 2004 - Pages 129-153


Salvador Perona Garcel


The present paper outlines a theoretical model that incorporates, systematizes and provides coherence to the most relevant data found in the scientific literature reviewed in relation to verbal auditory
hallucinations. On the one hand, this paper distinguishes the onset and consolidation of global hallucinatory process from concrete episodes. On the other hand, it distinguishes between the structural and the functional characteristics of episodes. In addition, two basic mechanisms are
proposed in order to explain the development of hallucinations. One of them is related to the difficulty experienced by patients when perceiving and interpreting the cenesthesic properties of certain private events. The other one is related to the interrelation the subject experiencing hallucinations establishes with his voices. In our conclusions, we remark the theoretical contribution made by our model compared with other models proposed by other authors, as well as its possible clinical implications.

Key words:

auditory hallucinations, theoretical models, schizophrenia, psychosis.

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