Volume 22 Num. 3 - October 2022
Perceived Criticism in Relation to the Dialectical Behaviour Therapy Network Training in a Residential Program: A Pre-Post Study
Volume 22 Num. 3 - October 2022 - Pages 267-276
Hanneke van Leeuwen , Wies van den Bosch , LindseyOssewaarde , Jos Egger
Perceived Criticism is a transdiagnostic construct that captures the patients’ perception of criticism. PC seems to be a reliable predictor of negative clinical outcomes concerning recurrence of symptoms or relapse in a broad range of stress-related psychiatric disorders and is thought to be related to underlying stress-related psychobiological vulnerabilities. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a treatment targeting these stress-related psychobiological vulnerabilities. In this pilot study we focus on the possible change in Perceived Criticism due to a (residential) DBT network training. This study follows a pre-post design where PC is recorded in 33 patients (mean age 25 years) and 61 relatives during 8 group sessions of a DBT network training, as part of a residential DBT program. The degree of perceived criticism is systematically assessed using the Perceived Criticism Measure, a two item self-report questionnaire that assesses mutual (perceived) criticism from patients and network members. Overall scores of the perceived criticism measure decrease significantly for both patients and relatives after following the DBT network training. More specific, item scores of both patients and relatives concerning how critical they are towards the other and how critical they thought the other was of them also decreased significantly after following the DBT network training. Findings suggest that a DBT network training as part of a residential DBT program may be instrumental in decreasing levels of perceived criticism. We recommend further exploration of Perceived Criticism as a possible moderator in effect size studies in randomized controlled clinical trials on DBT and in more fundamental research on the putative mechanisms of behavioural change such as improved perspective taking, and the evaluation of social cues.
How to cite this paper:
van Leeuwen H, van den Bosch W, Ossewaarde L, & Egger J (2022). Perceived Criticism in relation to the Dialectical Behaviour Therapy network training in a residential program: A pre-post study. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 22, 3, 267-276.
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