Volume 21 Num. 1 - March 2021
The Relationship Between Body and Appearance-Related Self-conscious Emotions and Disordered Eating: The Mediating Role of Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety
Volume 21 Num. 1 - March 2021 - Pages 93-105
Mendia, Jara , Pascual, Aitziber , Conejero, Susana , Mayordomo, Sonia
Over the last decade, several studies have highlighted the role that certain emotional variables play in eating disorders. However, body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions have hardly been studied at all in relation to eating disorders. This cross-sectional study was therefore conducted with two aims: 1) to analyze the differences between those at risk of developing an eating disorder and those not at risk, in relation to body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions and, 2) to analyze the mediating role of symptoms of depression and anxiety in the relationship between body and appearance-related self-conscious emotions and disordered eating. Participants were 196 adult women aged between 18 and 35 who completed the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale and the General Health Questionnaire. The results showed that women at risk scored higher for body shame and body guilt and lower for authentic body pride and hubristic body pride. In most cases, symptoms of depression and anxiety were found to be mediating variables. In conclusion, this study highlights the relevant role played not only by negative emotions (e.g., body shame and body guilt), but also by positive ones (e.g., authentic and hubristic body pride). Our study will help develop more effective preventive and therapeutic strategies.
How to cite this paper: Mendia J, Pascual A, Conejero S, & Mayordomo S (2021). The Relationship Between Body and Appearance-Related Self-conscious Emotions and Disordered Eating: The Mediating Role of Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 21, 1, 93-105.
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