International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
  

Volume 18 Num. 3 - October 2018

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The Evolving Definition of Cultural Competency: A Mixed Methods Study

Volume 18 Num. 3 - October 2018 - Pages 371-384

Authors:

Lorraine T Benuto , Jonathan Singer , Jena Casas , Frances González , Allison Ruork

Abstract:

THIS PAPER IS AVAILABLE ONLY FOR SUBSCRIBERS. IT WILL BE AVAILABLE ONLINE IN OPEN ACCESS ON October 1st, 2019.


This research established a definition of cultural competency from the perspective of the psychologists using mixed methodology. In Study 1 (N= 9) participants were interviewed and asked how they conceptualize cultural competency; three emergent themes were identified: awareness, knowledge, and skills. Based on the results from Study 1, a survey was created for Study 2 and completed by psychologists (N= 142). Results from a confirmatory factor analysis did not support cultural competency as a 3-dimensional construct. A post-hoc exploratory factor analysis suggested that cultural competency is best conceptualized as a 2-dimensional construct consisting of knowledge/awareness and skills. Results suggest that the knowledge needed to work with diverse populations is more than simply knowing about the major cultural groups in the United States; a more sophisticated level of knowledge is needed as there are many cultures and sub-cultures.

How to cite this paper: Benuto LT, Singer J, Casas J, González F, & Ruork A (2018). The Evolving Definition of Cultural Competency: A Mixed Methods Study. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 18, 371-384.

Key words:

cultural competency, diversity, cultural considerations

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