International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 13 Num. 2 - June 2013


Revisiting Kazdin (1980): Contemporary Treatment Acceptability for Problem Behavior in Children

Volume 13 Num. 2 - June 2013 - Pages 225-231


James W. Diller , Robert M. Brown , Connor H. G. Patros


Treatment acceptability may influence whether effective interventions can be disseminated successfully. The current study was designed to assess contemporary acceptability of four treatments for problem behavior in children. Comparisons were made between gender of the respondents and between a group of students and a group of Board Certified Behavior Analysts to evaluate some variables that might influence treatment acceptability. In a replication of Kazdin?s (1980) study, an on-line survey was used to evaluate levels of acceptability for four treatments (time out, electric shock, reinforcement, and drug) for two children?s problem behavior described in brief vignettes. Treatment acceptability was compared as a function of the case, the participant?s gender, and the participant?s status as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). Reinforcement was rated most acceptable, followed by time out, drug, and shock. An ANOVA revealed a significant treatment by child interaction. Differences between male and female participants and between certified behavior analysts and untrained individuals were also observed. The findings suggest that treatments vary in acceptability and that variables related to the case and clinician can influence acceptability levels.

Key words:

child behavior problem, dissemination, social validity, survey, treatment acceptability

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