International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 11 Num. 2 - June 2011


Racial Identity Development and Multicultural Counseling Competencies of White Mental Health Practitioners

Volume 11 Num. 2 - June 2011 - Pages 201-218


Ren?e A. Middleton , Bengü Ergüner-Tekinalp , Natalie F. Williams , Holly A. Stadler , Jaymee E. Dow


The underlying premise of this study is the belief that racial identity development is essential to the framework of multicultural counseling competency. Structural equation modeling was used to test the merit of this hypothesis among White mental health practitioners (professional counselors, counseling psychologists and clinical psychologists). There was a positive significant association between the Pseudo-Independence status of White Racial Identity and Multicultural Counseling Competencies. Women practitioners perceived themselves to be more culturally competent than men. Results are reported with respect to individual practitioner groups. Implications for multicultural counseling training, practice, and research are discussed.

Key words:

white racial identity, multicultural counseling competency, mental health practitioners

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