International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 11 Num. 1 - March 2011


Construction and validation of the Detection Scales for the Risk of Domestic Abuse and Self-negligent Behaviour (EDMA)

Volume 11 Num. 1 - March 2011 - Pages 91-106


Carmen Touza , Carmen Prado , Mar?a Paz Segura


The purpose of this study was to create and validate an instrument for social services professionals to help them detect risk situations involving domestic abuse towards seniors and self-neglecting behaviour. The instrument consists of two scales: the Elder Scale and the Alleged Abuser Scale. Forty-six social service professionals from 32 municipalities participated in the study, which assessed the status of 278 persons aged 65 and 229 of their family members or close friends. The results show a factor structure for the scales which is consistent with the theoretical base. The scales also obtained very high rates of internal consistency and an adequate stability in their scores over time. As regards evidence of validity, significant differences were found in scores between the group of seniors at risk of abuse and the group who were not at risk and self-neglecting subjects and non-self-neglecting subjects, while correctly predicting and classifying cases. Lastly, significant correlations were obtained with the Indicators of Abuse (IOA) Screen and the cases assessed by this instrument were accurately predicted and classified.

Key words:

elder mistreatment, self-neglect, social services.

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