International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
  

Volume 9 Num. 1 - March 2009

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Effects of length of infection on predictors of adherence in persons with HIV.

Volume 9 Num. 1 - March 2009 - Pages 67-78

Authors:

Julio Alfonso Pi?a L?pez , Mariana D?vila Tapia , Juan Jos? S?nchez Sosa , ?scar C?zares Robles , Carlos Togawa , Andr?s Ernesto Corrales Rasc?n

Abstract:

A crosssectional study was made with the main objective to prove the effects of length of
infection (in months) on predictors of adherence behaviors to antiretroviral therapy in a
sample of 44 persons with HIV. A multiple linear regression analysis showed that motives
and stress-related to high tolerance to ambiguity predicted adherence behaviors (F[3,43]=
8,310; p= 0.000). Using length of infection (average 55 months) as a criteria variable, in
the group of ≤55 months predictors were motives and low depressive symptomatology
(F[2,21]= 10,435; p= 0.001), meanwhile in the group of >55 months predictors were
motives and stress-related to high tolerance to frustration (F[2,21]= 11,057; p= 0.001).
The results of this study support the hypothesis of a causal relationship between the
lenght of infection and predictors of adherence behaviors in people with HIV, aspect that
must be considere in the proccesses of desing and implementing interdisciplinary intervention
programs directed to promote the consistent and efficient practice of such behaviors.

Key words:

length of infection, motives, depressive symptomatology, stress

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