International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 7 Num. 2 - July 2007


More than Comparing with Majorities: The Importance of Alternative Comparisons Between Children from Different Minority Groups [M?s que la Comparaci?n con Mayor?as: La Importancia de Comparaciones Alternativas Entre Ni?os de Distintos Grupos Minoritarios]

Volume 7 Num. 2 - July 2007 - Pages 201-212


Joana Dias Alexandre, Maria B. Monteiro and Sven Waldzus


Using a social identity perspective as the guiding framework, this article examines how children of minorities use alternative comparisons to achieve positive distinctiveness of their minority group. We conducted a quasi-experimental study with 60 Portuguese children (Black, White and Gypsy) who were asked for their group preferences and attributions towards their own and other groups. Majority children showed in-group favoritism on both preference and attribution measures, but members of both minorities showed greater preference for majority members as well as for members of the in-group than for members of the other minority group. We concluded that, as predicted by social identity theory, one creative identity management strategy is that minorities emphasize their similarity with the high status majority while downgrading another minority.

Key words:

Social Identity, Intergroup Comparisons, Intergroup Attitudes, Minorities

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