International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
  

Volume 3 Num. 1 - June 2003

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?Los Turistas se Divierten, los Inmigrantes Trabajan?: Una Descripci?n de Dos Grupos Sociales a Trav?s del Dibujo Infantil [Tourists Have Fun, Inmigrants Work: a Description of Two Social Groups Through Children Drawing]

Volume 3 Num. 1 - June 2003 - Pages 59-79

Authors:

M? Carmen Garc?a, Marisol Navas and Isabel Cuadrado , ,

Abstract:

Considering drawing like children?s representation of reality, the main objective of this paper was to test a categorization system (adapted by Gamradt, 1995), to know the features used by a sample of children from Southern Spain to describe two groups with high presence in the area: immigrants and tourists. 673 children (54% boys and 46% girls) from third and fourth grade (Age mean=8.72; SD=0.7) took part in the study. The results show that children attribute distinctive features to both groups. Immigrants are drawn like ?men?, ?working?, and with some references to their race/ethnic. Tourists are drawn in ?beach/sea? or ?entertainment/rest situations?, representing both sexes and different ages (children and adults). Our results support the idea that children make use of social categories to classify people in groups and to give meaning to their context. Likewise, we found some indications of validity to drawing?s categorization system.

Key words:

immigrants, tourists, drawings, children, categorization system.

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