International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy

Volume 17 Num. 2 - June 2017


Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Ruminative Responses Scale-Short Form in Colombia

Volume 17 Num. 2 - June 2017 - Pages 199-208


Francisco J Ruiz , Juan C Suárez Falcón , Marco A Sierra , Katherine Barreto Montero , María B García Martín, , Paola A Bernal , Eduar S Ramírez


The Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) is the most used measure of rumination in response to depressive mood. The RRS consists of 22 items that are responded on a 4-point Likert-type scale. A 10-item version of the RRS (RRS-SF) has been developed by removing the items that overlap with items of depression measures. The RRS-SF contains two subscales (Brooding and Reflection) that showed acceptable psychometric properties in the original and Spanish version. However, the psychometric properties and factor structure of the RRS-SF have not been tested in Colombia. After warranting validity content of the Spanish version of the RRS-SF, it was administered to a total of 604 participants including a nonclinical and clinical sample. The internal consistency of both subscales was acceptable and similar to the original version. The two-factor model showed a good fit to the data and measurement invariance across samples. The clinical sample’s mean scores on the RRS-SF subscales were significantly higher than scores of the nonclinical sample. Brooding and Reflection scores were significantly related to measures of pathological worry, emotional symptoms, psychological distress, experiential avoidance, and cognitive fusion. The Spanish version of the RRS-SF showed good psychometric properties in Colombia.

Key words:

ruminative responses scale, rumination, repetitive negative thinking, depression

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