International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
  

Volume 14 Num. 2 - June 2014

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Quality of Life, Personal Strengths, Depression, Stress in Adolescents by Sex and Strata

Volume 14 Num. 2 - June 2014 - Pages 155-170

Authors:

Japcy Margarita Quiceno , Stefano Vinaccia

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to analyze the differences of personal strengths, depression, daily stress and quality of life by gender and socio-economic strata in 686 adolescent aged 12 to 16 years old from Bogot? (Colombia). The study design was descriptive cross-sectional comparison. Instruments: Adolescent Resilience Scale (ARS), Self-Trascendence Scale, adolescent version (STS), Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), The Youth Life Orientation Test (YLOT), Children?s Depression Inventory (CDI), the Inventory of Daily Stressors Child (IIEC), and the KIDSCREEN-52. Level results shows that men have higher quality of life and personal strengthsthat women and women have higher levels of negative emotions in relation to men. Bullying is more common in men and in lower socioeconomic status. In conclusion, this study shows that the psycho-emotional and social behavior have differential by sex in adolescence and therefore it is necessary to timely interventions considering gender differences.

Key words:

quality of life, personal strengths, depression, stress, adolescents

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