Volume 12 Num. 2 - June 2012
Social Relations, Psychological Variables and Adherence Behaviors in Adults with HIV.
Volume 12 Num. 2 - June 2012 - Pages 173-184
M?nica Teresa Gonz?lez Ram?rez , Jos? Luis Ybarra Sagarduy , Julio Alfonso Pi?a L?pez
A cross-sectional study was conducted with the aim to test if the perceived difficulty to deal with social relationships would affect the role of a set of psychological variables on the practice of the adherence behaviors to antiretroviral therapy in a group of 111 people with HIV. Participants responded at to two self-administered questionnaires: Psychological variables and adherence behaviors, and Stress-related situations. A multiple regression analysis showed that the effect of psychological variables depends on how difficulties to establish social relationships are valuated: If there are difficulties, the weight is shifted to the reasons underlying adherence behavior (F [1, 44]= 49.582, p <.001), if there are none, it moves to an interaction between motives and competences in the past (F [2, 62]= 22.280, p <.001). The results have profound implications for the design of intervention programs, in which the objectives should be targeted to facilitate and/or improve in adults with HIV: Social competence to interact efficiently with significant people in their immediate environment, the individual psychological adjustment, as well as the efficient practice of adherence behaviors.
adherence, HIV, social relations, motives, behavioral performance
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