International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
  

Volume 11 Num. 3 - October 2011

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Effect of type of instruction on verbal report and performance in children and adults.

Volume 11 Num. 3 - October 2011 - Pages 425-440

Authors:

Hortensia Hickman , Patricia Anabel Plancarte , Diana Moreno , Mar?a Luisa Cepeda , Rosalinda Arroyo

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper was to assess, in two age groups, the effects of three types of instructions on the report verbal and execution. Matching-to-sample task was used and in each trial a question of multiple choices were included to be selected by the participants. In the experimental groups instructions made reference to the dimensions of the stimuli, the execution, and the relations of conditionality, while the control groups only were exposed to the task without instructions. Differences were found in execution and tests between children and adults, and differences according to the type of instruction in children. Also the types of correspondences varied both among populations as between types of instruction. The data are discussed in terms of the functional relationship between the verbal and the non-verbal behavior and in terms of linguistic development qualitatively different among children and adults.

Key words:

Conditional discrimination, instructions, complex learning, verbal behavior, children, adults

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